Citizenship PDF Print E-mail

American Citizenship





Rana Zoroya(Morning Star),
July, 1919

In many states of the United States, the women‑have become equal with the men in politics.  However, this change in politics has caught many of them unprepared for this work.

Many women do not profit by their citizenship rights.  It is a pity!  The women could add much to the welfare of the community with votes. Every person must go hand-in-hand with modern thoughts and living, without looking back to see if he or she like it or not.  One who does not wish the masses to cross his path in daily life, must go ahead with it.  The wives and mothers must, sooner or later come out of the kitchen from which they seldom emerge.

They must come out into the wide world.

[2 – missing]

…fully appreciate this important phase of life.

At our public meetings, our elections, and our lectures one observes that few Ukrainian women attend. The presence of more women at these public gatherings should be the fist step for them to take to become acquainted with the work they must do.  A woman who can but does not care to become acquainted with affairs in the community, is a hindrance to the development of a nation

The women of other cultured nationalities take an active part in political and national life.

In the state of Kansas 200 women were elected to various offices.  In the state of Michigan 350,000 women voted.  In the city of Chicago alone, nearly 200,000 women voted.  However, these votes showed no result, because the women had, not as yet become educated in this field, so as to go together with the present politicians, but followed rather blindly the voting machine.  It seems that the American woman do not yet realize the full advantages it brings to the community.

Yet, in the near future there will come time when women will determine by their votes whether we must tolerate chiseling, cheating, bribing, and the bartering of the very lives, health, and work of the poor on the other hand.

He who wishes to correct evil, must go to its very source.  And to know this, one is required to take an active part in the community life, and to share the common interest in everything that the community and the nation must contend with.


I F 1
I F 3

El Nacional, Apr. 9, 1932.


Attorney Russell J. Alvarez, democratic candidate for Judge of the Municipal Court, was born in Chicago, in 1898 of a Spanish father and a German mother. After he finished his legal studies he took up the practice of law. He was admitted to the Bar Association in June 1924. Alvarez is a congenial and highly respected politician and his nomination in the next primaries on April 12th will assure his election to office in the coming general election.

His experiences in all phases of the law over which the Municipal Court has jurisdiction makes him the logical candidate for the office he is seeking. He is a member of the American Legion and Veteran of Foreign Wars.

The Spanish American Colony of Chicago and Suburbs do not have a representative in a political office of the State and for this reason special effort should be made on the part of the Latins who are eligible to vote for a candidate who is familiar with our customs and who will be able to impart justice to our race with less prejudice than any other judge.

Do not forget, then, all who are eligible to vote cast your ballot for Alvarez if you wish to put a good man in office who merits the aid of all.

Attorney Alvarez, by means of these lines, takes the opportunity to recommend Honorable Michael L. Igoe, who is in the political race with him, for governor of Illinois. Mr. Igoe has been a member of the lower house of the Illinois Assembly for 20 years. He is a great friend of the poor and is always fighting for their interests.

Those who are friends of Mr. Alvarez are friends of the Colony so go to the polls and cast your vote for him.

Question and Activity

Discussion Question
Why was voting considered to be an important task for immigrants?  Is voting still consider to be as important today?  Was and is this still viewed as a privilege?

Lesson Ideas

Define discrimination and how it has affected all generations.  After this discussion, have the students read the articles relating to discrimination.  While the students are reading the articles, have them take brief notes of particular examples.  Once the students complete the reading, open the class up for a discussion over how the immigrants were treated.  From here, have the students think about other points in history when people were discriminated against.  After a few minutes have the class discuss what they wrote.  Finally, have the students individually brainstorm ideas of times they may have been discriminated against and how it made them feel

“Becoming Americans in Chicago Reader” – Introduction

Back to top


Social Media


Chicago Metro History Fair on Facebook


Twitter @ChiHistoryFair



google plus CMHF Media on Google Plus
RocketTheme Joomla Templates